The Pilgrims - HISTORY
Four hundred years ago, English Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock. With the help of a friendly Native American, they survived their first winter. And yet, economics played a vital role in the pilgrims' journey overseas and A successful relationship with the partners in England now lay at the heart of Their Indian friends, Squanto and Samoset, had helped them conciliate Read Dec 24 What history teaches us about the latest stock market plunge. These original settlers of Plymouth Colony are known as the Pilgrim Fathers, . Over the next decades, relations between settlers and Native Americans.
But they knew that ships set forth annually by merchants had fished along the New England coast for several years. These usually erected fishing stages and sometimes traded for furs.
They required only a modest outlay by the investors in them and would up their accounts at the end of each voyage. It was much more costly, on the other hand, to uphold a permanent settlement until it was self-sustaining.
What you didn’t know about the pilgrims: They had massive debt | PBS NewsHour
When even the wealthy backers of Virginia and Bermuda complained about delayed profits, the small group of capitalists supporting the Pilgrims certainly could not afford to sink large funds for supplies year after year without receiving goods in return. At the beginning they apparently underestimated the extent of their task and seem to have neglected consistently the necessary provision for the Plymouth colony. The urgency of sending returns to these investors pressed on the Pilgrims from the start.
When the Mayflower sailed home in without a profitable lading, Weston wrote a sharp criticism to the Governor. A quarter of the time you spend in discoursing, arguing and consulting would have done much more … The life of the business depends upon the lading of this ship, which if you do to any good purpose, that I may be freed from the great sums I have disbursed for the former and must do for the latter [the Fortune], I promise you I will never quit the business.
He came in the Fortune to inspect the colony briefly and to persuade the colonists to agree to the conditions the adventurers had insisted on. He returned at once to report his findings.
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Although a bit rosy in coloring, it relates what Cushman found. New Plymouth was situated on a good harbor with plenty of fish and woods close at hand. Their Indian friends, Squanto and Samoset, had helped them conciliate the neighboring Indians and begin trade with them. Yet an undercurrent of discontent and friction disturbed the settlers.
Cherokees and Thanksgiving
The system of sharing equally in all the arduous labor and what it produced was one source of unrest. A gap persisted between the Leyden immigrants and religious exiles, who had ventured their persons and savings, and the London contingent, some of them merely hirelings of the company.
Urging his hearers not to labor for self-love or self-profit, he said: It was the beginning of the New Year; a time when our ancestors gave thanks for the corn crop that they saw as a continued life for them. It was a time for forgiveness and for grudges to be left behind - a time to begin anew.
A part of their celebration was fasting, then gathering at the ceremonial grounds to play stickball, dance and have a big feast. As settlers and traders moved inland, many Native Americans - including the Cherokee - assisted them with food and supplies.
This was a continual process, not just a single meal.
The Cherokees taught early settlers how to hunt, fish and farm in their new environment. They also taught them how to use herbal medicines when they became ill. Sadly, as more people came to America, they didn't seem to need the Native Americans help anymore. Settlers forgot how the natives helped the earlier Pilgrims.
Mistrust began to grow; friendships weakened. Settlers and Pilgrims started telling their native neighbors their religious beliefs and native customs were "wrong". Relationships deteriorated and within a few years the children of the people who ate together at that first Thanksgiving were killing one another in what led to "King Phillip's War".
Frenchman Christian Priber established himself among the Cherokees inlearning their language, and teaching them "European Christianity" until he was arrested by the English and imprisoned at Charleston, South Carolina.